Latest News

The study provides insights and recommendations for sustainability of open defecation free communities in Nepal

WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund has supported 13 countries to enable 15 million people to end open defecation

For SWA’s HLMs 2017 Chris Williams argues that governments should be investing in disease prevention

The dangers of open defecation are explained in the campaign, with messages delivered by local celebrities

We list some of our studies that evidence the links between poor sanitation and psycho-social stress

The universal nature of psycho social stress related to poor or inadequate sanitation is raised in this webinar

Once we understand the complexities of slippage and the strategies to address it, how do we – as WASH practitioners – move forward?

Submitted by our member Daniel Karanja, this story reveals how one woman took matters into her own hands to ensure that CLTS reached her home.

Findings of a new UN Women/WSSCC study in Niger on MHM practices were presented at a side event during CSW61.

When WASH practitioners understand the patterns and causes of slippage, they can devise innovative strategies to avoid it.

The podcast encourages discussion on menstrual and feminine hygiene issues and the right to sanitation for women and girls.

With SDG 6.2 at its heart, the strategy identifies the results WSSCC would like to achieve, the issues it will work on and regions where it will work

Resources

Scoping and Diagnosis of the Global Sanitation Fund’s Approach to...

Global Sanitation Fund
In 2016, WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) recruited an independent team of experts to undertake an in-depth two-part diagnosis of GSF’s approach to equality and non-discrimination (EQND). The first part of the diagnosis – an assessment comprising of visits to six countries (Ethiopia, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) and a review of documentation across all GSF-supported programmes – was completed in 2017, resulting in this study. While confirming that many people who may be considered disadvantaged have benefitted positively from GSF-supported programmes, the study emphasizes that more proactive attention is needed to ensure no one is left behind. Several recommendations are offered to better integrate EQND throughout the components and stages of all GSF-supported programmes.Summarized version of the study, including the Executive Summary, selected case studies and GSF reflections.Cadrage et diagnostic de l’approche du Fonds mondial pour l’assainissement sur l’égalité et la non-discrimination: Résumé analytique, études de cas et réflexions.Annexes related to the study.

Global Sanitation Fund Progress Report 2016

Global Sanitation Fund
The 2016 GSF Progress Report provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of GSF’s activities and performance in 2016, as well as over the period of WSSCC’s 2012-2016 Medium-Term Strategic Plan. The latest information on GSF’s structure and concepts at the date of publication is also provided. Since GSF was established, over $117 million has been committed for 13 country programmes. These commitments, and the work of thousands of partners and champions, have enabled 15.2 million people to live in open defecation free environments; 12.8 million to gain access to improved toilets; and 20 million to gain access to handwashing facilities. In 2016, the Sustainable Development Goals came into force, and the GSF network of over 120,000 stakeholders actively worked to ensure it was well-equipped for the new era.Le Rapport d’avancement du GSF donne une vue d’ensemble globale des activités menées par le GSF en 2016 et pendant la période couverte par le Plan stratégique à moyen terme 2012-2016 du WSSCC, et analyse ses performances sur ces années. Elle comprend également les informations les plus récentes quant à la structure du GSF et aux concepts utiles à la date de la publication du présent rapport, puisque celles-ci se rapportent aux travaux du GSF en 2016. Depuis la création du GSF, plus de 117 millions de dollars ont été affectés à 13 programmes de pays. Ces engagements financiers et le travail de nos milliers de partenaires et de champions ont permis au GSF d’engranger des résultats probants. 15,2 millions de personnes peuvent vivre dans un environnement exempt de défécation à l’air libre. De plus, 12,8 millions de personnes ont accès à des toilettes améliorées et 20 millions de personnes ont accès à des installations pour se laver les mains. 2016 a été marqué par l’adoption des objectifs de développement durable, et le réseau du GSF s’est employé à faire en sorte de disposer des capacités requises dans ce nouveau contexte.

Local governance and sanitation: Eight lessons from Uganda

Global Sanitation Fund
Many non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral donors, recognize the importance of closely working with governments in sanitation and hygiene programmes. Collective behaviour change approaches, such as Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), are also increasingly being embraced by governments as an alternative to traditional subsidy and enforcement-based approaches. This ‘GSF in focus’ case study presents eight lessons learned from the GSF-supported Uganda Sanitation Fund (USF) in coordinating, planning, and implementing CLTS at scale through a decentralized government system. The USF is the largest programme of its kind in Uganda. The programme, which began in 2011, is currently implemented by 30 District Local Governments under the overall management of the Ministry of Health. By September 2016, the USF reported helping over three million people live in open defecation free (ODF) environments.De nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales et intergouvernementales, ainsi que des donateurs bilatéraux et multilatéraux, reconnaissent l’importance de travailler en étroite collaboration avec les gouvernements dans le cadre des programmes d’assainissement et d’hygiène. Des approches collectives en matière de changement de comportement, telles que l’ATPC, sont de plus en plus adoptées par les gouvernements comme une alternative aux démarches traditionnelles axées sur les subventions et la répression. Cette étude de cas intitulée « Gros plan sur le GSF » présente huit enseignements tirés du programme du Fonds ougandais pour l’assainissement (USF) soutenu par le Fonds mondial pour l’assainissement (GSF) dans le cadre de la coordination, de la planification et de la mise en oeuvre de l’ATPC à grande échelle1 par l’intermédiaire d’un système administratif décentralisé. L’USF est le programme le plus important de ce genre en Ouganda. Débuté en 2011, il est actuellement mis en oeuvre par 30 gouvernements locaux de district2 sous la supervision du ministère de la Santé. En septembre 2016, l’USF a indiqué avoir aidé plus de trois millions de personnes à vivre dans un environnement exempt de défécation à l’air libre.

Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Change at Scale: Understanding S...

Global Sanitation Fund
As sanitation and hygiene programmes mature, the challenge shifts from bringing communities to ODF status to sustaining this status. In this context, many programmes are confronted with the issue of slippage. This concept refers to a return to previous unhygienic behaviours, or the inability of some or all community members to continue to meet all ODF criteria. This paper explores how to discern slippage nuances and patterns, strategies to address, pre-empt and mitigate it as well as alternative monitoring systems that capture the complexity of slippage more fully. The analysis and reflections are based on direct field experience, primarily from the GSF-supported programme in Madagascar. Moreover, the underpinning principle of the paper is that slippage is an expected aspect of behaviour change-oriented sanitation and hygiene interventions, especially those at scale, and not a sign of failure thereof.Modifier les comportements d’hygiène et d’assainissement à grande échelle – Comprendre la régression : Ce document de réflexion examine comment distinguer les nuances et les types de régression ; il étudie les stratégies qui visent à y répondre, à les prévenir et à les réduire ainsi que d’autres systèmes de suivi permettant de mieux appréhender la complexité de la régression. Les analyses et les réflexions reposent sur une expérience directe du terrain, provenant essentiellement du programme soutenu par le GSF à Madagascar. De plus, ce document est sous-tendu par un principe fondamental, à savoir que la régression est un aspect attendu des interventions en hygiène et assainissement qui sont axées sur la modification des comportements, surtout celles qui sont conduites à grande échelle, et qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un signe de l’échec de ces dernières.

Catalytic programming for scale and sustainability: Conversations...

Global Sanitation Fund
This publication explores the conversations, reflections and lessons that emanated from the sessions, workshops and presentations at the 2016 GSF Learning Event in Madagascar. The following themes, which were central to the Learning Event, are explored: Incorporating effective approaches for scale and decentralized programme delivery; Incorporating effective approaches to ensure sustainable behaviour change, as well as the sustainability of built capacity within institutions and other stakeholder groups; Ensuring a truly inclusive approach that leaves no one behind; and Addressing monitoring and evaluation challenges.Le GSF vise à contribuer à l’accès universel à des services d’hygiène et d’assainissement adéquats, comme les imaginent les stratégies ou les feuilles de route nationales, et les objectifs de développement durable. Le Fonds tente d’y arriver en suscitant la création, la démonstration et la reproduction de modèles nationaux, axés sur les résultats, provoquant des changements de comportements sanitaires et hygiéniques durables et à grande échelle. Pour ce faire, il est prévu que les programmes passent par trois étapes distinctes, mais qui se chevauchent souvent largement : la conception, leur démonstration et la transition. La Réunion d'apprentissage a donné l’occasion aux programmes de pays de réfléchir à ces trois phases dans le contexte de leur pays. La présente publication est structurée de telle sorte qu’elle reflète ces thèmes et explore les discussions, réflexions et enseignements qui s’y rapportent.

Sustainable Sanitation For All – Case studies by Elizabeth Wamera...

Collaboration
Great strides have been made in improving sanitation in many developing countries. Yet, 2.4 billion people worldwide still lack access to adequate sanitation facilities and the poorest and most vulnerable members of society are often not reached and their specific needs are not met. Moreover, sustainability is currently one of the key challenges in CLTS and wider WASH practice, subsuming issues such as behaviour change, equity and inclusion, physical sustainability and sanitation marketing, monitoring and verification, engagement of governments, NGOs and donors, particularly after open defecation free (ODF) status is reached, and more. There have been several useful studies on sustainability that have highlighted some of these different aspects as well as the complexities involved. This book develops these key themes by exploring current experience, practices, challenges, innovations and insights, as well as identifying a future research agenda and gaps in current knowledge.WSSCC’s Elizabeth Wamera, Civil Society and National Engagement Officer’s chapter on post-ODF management process by the community is available for download from the book “Sustainable Sanitation for all: Experiences, challenges and innovations”. The chapter Who is managing the post-ODF process in the community? A case study of Nambale sub-county in Western Kenya, is based on the success of Nambale sub-county, which was declared ODF in 2012, and looks at the role of Community Health Workers (CHWs), discussing challenges that could be threatening ODF achievement and sustainability. As post-ODF follow-up is central to sustaining open defecation free (ODF) status, and needs to be integrated into CLTS programming from the outset, the chapter explores the responsibilities of carrying out these activities, and how they might be motivated and financed. The CLTS Knowledge Hub's newly launched book describes the landscape of the sustainability of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and sanitation with references to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia. Featured in the book are a range of experiences and innovations from institutions and actors within the WASH sector attempting to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for practitioners, funders, policymakers and governments.Sustainable Development Goal Target 6.2 aims, by 2030, to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation (OD), paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. If we are serious about leaving no one behind, we will need to put human beings first, and infrastructure designed to serve them second. Many individuals and groups cannot use sanitation and hygiene facilities due to physical or societal restrictions placed on them by their gender, disability, age, caste, religion, gender, or poverty. Non-discrimination should be embedded into policy and practice, so that people’s realities, needs, and demands are clearly articulated and matched with budgets, adapted public facilities on the ground, more equitable sharing of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) burdens, and systematic, meaningful participation in decision-making and monitoring. This chapter summarizes the testimonies and aspirations of individuals across a number of Asian countries who were never asked what they need and who are excluded from services. They remind us that in order to leave no one behind we will need to listen to them, involve them fully at all key stages, and forge true partnerships to achieve shared goals.

Global Sanitation Fund Progress Report 2015

Global Sanitation Fund
The 2015 GSF Progress Report provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of the Fund’s activities and performance in 2015. The latest information on the GSF’s structure and concepts at the date of publication of this report is also provided, as they relate to its work in 2015. Through regular reporting, WSSCC aims to provide a clear impression of the GSF’s current and planned impact. WSSCC encourages support for the GSF and welcomes critical analysis of the Fund's key results and activities. Key sections in the report include: a message from the GSF Programme Director; highlights and achievements; how the Fund works; highlights from all 13 GSF-supported country programmes; and feature stories and testimonials from the people and partners central to the Fund. 2015 was a year of considerable progress, learning and innovation for country programmes, and the Fund as a whole. Since the GSF was established, over $112 million has been committed for 13 country programmes. These commitments, and the work of thousands of partners and champions, have enabled 10.87 million people to live in open defecation free environments; 6.62 million to gain access to improved toilets; and 15.69 million to gain access to handwashing facilities.Cette publication donne une vue d’ensemble globale des activités menées par le GSF en 2015 et analyse ses performances pour cette année. Elle comprend également les informations les plus récentes quant à la structure du GSF et aux concepts utiles à la date de la publication du présent rapport, puisque celles-ci se rapportent aux travaux du GSF en 2015. Par le biais de rapports réguliers, le WSSCC a pour but de dresser un tableau clair de l’impact actuel et prévu du GSF. Le WSSCC vous encourage à soutenir le GSF et vous invite à lui adresser toute analyse critique des résultats et activités. L’année 2015 a été marquée par des progrès considérables, de nombreux enseignements et de grandes innovations pour les programmes que soutient le GSF et pour le Fonds dans son ensemble. Depuis la création du GSF, plus de 112 millions de dollars ont été affectés à 13 programmes de pays. Ces engagements financiers et le travail de nos milliers de partenaires et de champions ont permis au GSF d’engranger des résultats probants. 10,87 millions de personnes peuvent vivre dans un environnement exempt de défécation à l’air libre. De plus, 6,62 millions de personnes ont accès à des toilettes améliorées et 15,69 millions de personnes ont accès à des installations pour se laver les mains.

Menstrual Hygiene Management, SDGs and the Private Sector – Women...

Equality
This cross-cutting session hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation, WSSCC, and SCA highlighted the issue of Menstrual Hygiene Management and the importance of breaking taboos and fighting stigma through evidence-based approaches to unlock multiple benefits for women and girls. The session also promoted detailed discussions on the roles and responsibilities each of us has to women and girls everywhere, regardless of our sector, occupation or geography. The session brought together experts from WASH, Human Rights, Education, Health and the private sector to share lessons and successes in policy and practice, with a specific focus on how multi-sectoral partnerships can collaborate to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.