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We list some of our studies that evidence the links between poor sanitation and psycho-social stress

The universal nature of psycho social stress related to poor or inadequate sanitation is raised in this webinar

WSSCC is revisiting some of its key publications that provide evidence and insight for sanitation-related programming.

The CoP learning agenda for 2017 will commence with discussions around Sustainability from April 10th to 28th.

Lessons from the GSF-supported Uganda programme for implementing CLTS at scale through a decentralized government system.

Do you know what the stress points are for women and girls in their daily sanitation routines? How do they cope? Join our March 2nd webinar.

WSSCC explores community learning trajectories within the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) process, and how they relate to slippage.

Gender equality, serving the most vulnerable, and addressing the particular needs of women and girls are among the core principles of the GSF.

Members now benefit from automatic approval to join the WSSCC-hosted Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene (CoP) on LinkedIn

WSSCC and Mzuzu University are holding a joint 3-week thematic discussion on linking water, sanitation and hygiene to other development sectors.

WSSCC and the Mzuzu University are holding a joint 3-week thematic online discussion on applied research in WASH.

A new research has identified and analysed key barriers and motivators of change in sanitation and hygiene behaviour.


CSW61 Side Event: Women’s Access to Sanitation and Hygiene in Inf...

On March 20th, 2017 the Permanent Missions of Niger and Singapore to the United Nations in New York hosted an event on the sidelines of the 61st Commission on the Status of Women. Co-organized by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and UN Women, this event highlighted the daily sanitation and hygiene challenges faced by women and girls in the informal economy. Read the event report here.Briefing note for the side event at CSW61 in New York on Women’s Access to Sanitation and Hygiene in the Informal Sector. Includes experiences of active women in West and Central Africa with findings from Cameroon, Niger and Senegal.

Gender and Community-Led Total Sanitation – CLTS engagement, outc...

Global Sanitation Fund
In order to better understand the link between gender dynamics and the impact of its Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) interventions, the GSF supported a study in a small number of communities in Madagascar in 2015. These communities are in the area covered by the GSF-supported programme in Madagascar, known locally as ‘Fonds d’Appui pour l’Assainissement’ (FAA). This ‘GSF in focus’ case study highlights and reflects on the study.Cette étude examine le lien entre la dynamique du genre et l’initiative d’assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC) dans un petit nombre de communautés malgaches.

Applied research in water, sanitation and hygiene – Summary repor...

In October 2016, the WSSCC LinkedIn Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries and the Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation at Mzuzu University came together to hold a joint 3‐week thematic discussion on applied research in water, sanitation and hygiene. The LinkedIn hosted CoP has over 6,200 members each working in WASH and other related sectors; this thematic discussion was an opportunity to bring together sector practitioners and researchers to share knowledge, learn from each other, identify best practice and explore links between research and practice in the sector. The first discussion was held from 3 to 9 October 2016 and focused on ‘How to pull practitioners into research.The second thematic discussion hosted by WSSCC and the Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation at Mzuzu University was held from 10 to 16 October 2016 and focused on ‘Low‐cost WASH technologies’. The discussion was led by Assistant Professor Dr. Abebe Beyene Hailu at Jimma University, Ethiopia.

Formative Research to Develop Appropriate Participatory Approache...

Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. BCC messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sanitation and hygiene. This study was undertaken with the objective of understanding perceptions, barriers, and motivators for improved sanitation behavior in rural India. Rural communities are not homogenous; they are also very divergent across the mountains, plains, deserts and coastal areas of India with mixed caste, tribal and Dalit composition. The study investigates how different disaggregated sets of people respond to the same questions on barriers to sanitation – women, men, adolescent girls and boys, children, old and infirm, tribal and non-tribal communities, village level functionaries, etc. The study was conducted in Gujarat, Telangana, and Jharkhand. An intensive field research was undertaken in nine villages between July and December 2015.

Impact of inadequate access to WASH facilities on women and girls...

The SHARE Research Consortium and WSSCC formed a research partnership in 2013 to investigate the specific impact of inadequate access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities on women and girls in India and Bangladesh. These four briefing notes converge on the lack of safe and acceptable choices for women and girls. Links between unsafe sanitation and women and girls’ poor health in terms of stress and infections are raised and major evidence gaps are highlighted. The higher incidence of reproductive tract infections linked to poor menstrual hygiene management under socioeconomically deprived groups is striking.This study of how women’s psycho-social stress relates to inadequate sanitation highlights the range of women’s experiences.The findings of this study demonstrate that the lack of sanitation has important implications for the mental, social, and reproductive health of women in rural India.As demonstrated in the WASH & CLEAN study, visual assessment alone of cleanliness on maternity units is an inadequate basis on which to conclude safety in terms of potential pathogens.

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) – Studies on Behaviour and Pra...

At present, there are no public policies in West or Central Africa mentioning menstrual hygiene management. Under the UN Women/Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) joint programme, ˮGender, Hygiene and Sanitationˮ a survey, combined with focus groups discussion and interviews, was conducted in the Louga region of Senegal, in June 2014. The outcomes of this study provided critical information about menstrual hygiene management knowledge and practices in the region.Briefing Note – Menstrual Hygiene Management Behaviour and Practices in the Louga Region, SenegalÉtude – Gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle – Comportements et pratiques dans la région de Louga, SénégalNote de synthèse – Gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle – Comportements et pratiques dans la région de Louga, SénégalThe study of menstrual hygiene management in the Kedougou region (Senegal) is the second in a series of research studies undertaken by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and UN Women as part of the Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation in West and Central Africa. Available information on menstrual hygiene management, (MHM) is extremely limited and behaviour and practices are largely undocumented. The study’s main objective is to establish a database of information on public policies, behaviour and practices with regard to menstrual hygiene management and to analyse their impact on the living conditions of women and girls in this largely rural and impoverished region of Senegal.Briefing Note – Menstrual Hygiene Management Behaviour and Practices in the Kedougou Region, SenegalÉtude – Gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle – Comportements et pratiques dans la région de Kédougou, SénégalNote de synthèse – Gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle – Comportements et pratiques dans la région de Kédougou, SénégalThis study is the third in a series by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and UN Women within the Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation in West and Central Africa. The study focused on two localities with different socio-cultural profiles: Kye-Ossi in the south and Bamoungoum in the west. It reports on the current state of MHM-related practices and behaviours and analyses infrastructure and public policies. Additionally the study investigates the availability and relevance of information on MHM and evaluates the impact of the situation on people’s living conditions, their health, educational levels and the employment of women and girls.Briefing note – Menstrual Hygiene Management Behaviour and Practices in the Kye-Ossi and Bamoungoum Regions, Cameroon – Findings and recommendationsÉtude – Gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle dans les régions de Kyé-Ossi et Bamoungoum, CamerounNote de synthèse – Gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle dans les régions de Kyé-Ossi et Bamoungoum, Cameroun

Hygiene and Sanitation Software – An overview of approaches

Problems caused by a lack of toilet facilities are well documented, but simply providing facilities is not enough. Public health practitioners recognize that until good hygiene is properly practiced, both at home and in the community as a whole, the desired impact of improved water and sanitation services in terms of community health benefits cannot be realized. Several methods are used to address this problem and engage target groups (individuals, households, communities, institutions or even organizations) in development programmes that enable a change in behaviours or create a demand for services. These methods or approaches are generally referred to as ‘software’ to distinguish them from the provision of 'hardware', which is defined as the physical facilities. There is often confusion over areas such as what a particular approach is designed to achieve, what it actually comprises, when and where it should be used, how it should be implemented or how much it costs. This publication takes an in-depth look at the various hygiene and sanitation software approaches that have been deployed over the last 40 years by NGOs, development agencies, national and local governments in all types of settings – urban, informal-urban and rural.Les problèmes liés au manque d’installations sanitaires sont bien connus. Toutefois, la fourniture de toilettes n’est pas suffisante. Les praticiens en santé publique sont de plus en plus sensibles au fait que les impacts attendus des services d’eau et d’assainissement améliorés et visant à améliorer la santé communautaire ne pourront être atteints que si les foyers et les communautés adoptent de bonnes pratiques en matière d’hygiène. Il existe différentes méthodes afin de faire face à ce problème et s’attachant à impliquer des groupes cibles (des particuliers, des ménages, des communautés, des institutions ou encore des organisations) dans le processus de développement de programmes visant à changer les comportements ou à créer une demande de services. Ces méthodes ou approches sont généralement appelées « stratégies participatives et de promotion » afin de les différencier de la fourniture d’équipements, c’est-à-dire d’installations physiques. Ces stratégies prêtent souvent à confusion en ce qui a trait à leur portée, ce qu’elles impliquent, quand, où et comment elles devraient être mises en œuvre, ou encore combien elles coûtent. Cette publication décrit les différentes stratégies participatives et de promotion en matière d’hygiène et d’assainissement qui ont été mises en œuvre au cours des quarante dernières années par des ONG, des agences de développement, des gouvernements nationaux ou locaux dans différents milieux (urbain, urbain informel et rural).

Hand Washing Practice in ASEH Project Area – A Study for Impact M...

This study examines the status and benefits of hand washing with cleaning agents at five critical times as part of the Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health (ASEH) project. It was the third part of a longitudinal study of a project in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh with an earlier baseline (2004) and mid-term impact study (2007). It was designed using an iterative Cluster Sampling Technique. The study reveals that knowledge about critical hand washing times increased significantly in both rural and urban areas at all five critical hand washing times, except for two critical times related to children in rural areas. Of respondents in rural and urban areas, 27% and 63% respectively have knowledge about all five critical times. Hand washing at these critical times increased in rural and urban areas, with the exception of hand washing before feeding young children in rural areas. Notably, 27% of people in rural and 32% of people in urban areas reported washing their hands properly at all five critical times. This paper was presented at the Hygiene Practitioners Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 2010.