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When WASH practitioners understand the patterns and causes of slippage, they can devise innovative strategies to avoid it.

Global Sanitation Fund programmes are designed to incorporate gender considerations and equity dimensions.

With SDG 6.2 at its heart, the strategy identifies the results WSSCC would like to achieve, the issues it will work on and regions where it will work

Monitoring slippage should go beyond the numbers to truly understand behaviour change and community dynamics.

Lessons from the GSF-supported Uganda programme for implementing CLTS at scale through a decentralized government system.

The Global Sanitation Fund has identified a number of slippage patterns, linked to factors that communities have significant, little or no control over.

Executive Director Chris Williams reinforced WSSCC’s mandate that supports Sustainable Development Goal 6.2.

The review was undertaken by IFMR LEAD and managed for quality assurance by the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation.

WSSCC explores community learning trajectories within the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) process, and how they relate to slippage.

In Agelilyec, community members are supporting disadvantaged groups as part of a larger effort to keep their village open defecation free.

In the second of a seven-part series for WASH practitioners, we explore the nuances of slippage and its impact on communities.

WSSCC is working to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6.2, to provide sanitation and hygiene for all, and does this in a number of ways.

Resources

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Mid-Term Review of WSSCC’s Medium-Term Strategic Plan 2012-2016 –...

WSSCC General
In 2015, the WSSCC commissioned a Mid-Term Review (MTR) of its Medium-Term Strategic Plan (MTSP) 2012-16 to assess its progress against intended results in the MTSP. The MTR was designed to contribute to organisational learning as well as to meet the accountability requirements of WSSCC’s Steering Committee and donors. The MTR covers the period 2012-2014, with additional analysis of progress made as part of the 2015-2016 Biennial Work Plan up to February 2016. The review was undertaken by IFMR LEAD and managed for quality assurance by the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) under the 3ie Sanitation and Hygiene Thematic Window.WSSCC has issued a Management Response to the recommendations in the review, with a comprehensive internal response plan developed for each recommendation, under the headings of Programme Strategy, Monitoring and Evaluation and Governance.
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Local governance and sanitation: Eight lessons from Uganda

Global Sanitation Fund
Many non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral donors, recognize the importance of closely working with governments in sanitation and hygiene programmes. Collective behaviour change approaches, such as Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), are also increasingly being embraced by governments as an alternative to traditional subsidy and enforcement-based approaches. This ‘GSF in focus’ case study presents eight lessons learned from the GSF-supported Uganda Sanitation Fund (USF) in coordinating, planning, and implementing CLTS at scale through a decentralized government system. The USF is the largest programme of its kind in Uganda. The programme, which began in 2011, is currently implemented by 30 District Local Governments under the overall management of the Ministry of Health. By September 2016, the USF reported helping over three million people live in open defecation free (ODF) environments.De nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales et intergouvernementales, ainsi que des donateurs bilatéraux et multilatéraux, reconnaissent l’importance de travailler en étroite collaboration avec les gouvernements dans le cadre des programmes d’assainissement et d’hygiène. Des approches collectives en matière de changement de comportement, telles que l’ATPC, sont de plus en plus adoptées par les gouvernements comme une alternative aux démarches traditionnelles axées sur les subventions et la répression. Cette étude de cas intitulée « Gros plan sur le GSF » présente huit enseignements tirés du programme du Fonds ougandais pour l’assainissement (USF) soutenu par le Fonds mondial pour l’assainissement (GSF) dans le cadre de la coordination, de la planification et de la mise en oeuvre de l’ATPC à grande échelle1 par l’intermédiaire d’un système administratif décentralisé. L’USF est le programme le plus important de ce genre en Ouganda. Débuté en 2011, il est actuellement mis en oeuvre par 30 gouvernements locaux de district2 sous la supervision du ministère de la Santé. En septembre 2016, l’USF a indiqué avoir aidé plus de trois millions de personnes à vivre dans un environnement exempt de défécation à l’air libre.
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Value for Money Study in Global Sanitation Fund Programmes – Synt...

Global Sanitation Fund
With maturing programmes and results steadily growing, the GSF is not only interested in the real cost of reaching results, but also in deepening its understanding of resources invested by communities, governments, and other partners. This is critical in further developing a model for scaling up sanitation and hygiene. With these aspects in mind, a multi-country value for money study was commissioned by the GSF in 2015, and carried out by Oxford Policy Management. This synthesis report explores the methodology and findings from the study. Moreover, it provides recommendations on the methodology which the GSF can utilize to track better value for money aspects within supported programmes.
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Gender and Community-Led Total Sanitation – CLTS engagement, outc...

Global Sanitation Fund
In order to better understand the link between gender dynamics and the impact of its Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) interventions, the GSF supported a study in a small number of communities in Madagascar in 2015. These communities are in the area covered by the GSF-supported programme in Madagascar, known locally as ‘Fonds d’Appui pour l’Assainissement’ (FAA). This ‘GSF in focus’ case study highlights and reflects on the study.Cette étude examine le lien entre la dynamique du genre et l’initiative d’assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC) dans un petit nombre de communautés malgaches.
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Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Change at Scale: Understanding S...

Global Sanitation Fund
As sanitation and hygiene programmes mature, the challenge shifts from bringing communities to ODF status to sustaining this status. In this context, many programmes are confronted with the issue of slippage. This concept refers to a return to previous unhygienic behaviours, or the inability of some or all community members to continue to meet all ODF criteria. This paper explores how to discern slippage nuances and patterns, strategies to address, pre-empt and mitigate it as well as alternative monitoring systems that capture the complexity of slippage more fully. The analysis and reflections are based on direct field experience, primarily from the GSF-supported programme in Madagascar. Moreover, the underpinning principle of the paper is that slippage is an expected aspect of behaviour change-oriented sanitation and hygiene interventions, especially those at scale, and not a sign of failure thereof.Modifier les comportements d’hygiène et d’assainissement à grande échelle – Comprendre la régression : Ce document de réflexion examine comment distinguer les nuances et les types de régression ; il étudie les stratégies qui visent à y répondre, à les prévenir et à les réduire ainsi que d’autres systèmes de suivi permettant de mieux appréhender la complexité de la régression. Les analyses et les réflexions reposent sur une expérience directe du terrain, provenant essentiellement du programme soutenu par le GSF à Madagascar. De plus, ce document est sous-tendu par un principe fondamental, à savoir que la régression est un aspect attendu des interventions en hygiène et assainissement qui sont axées sur la modification des comportements, surtout celles qui sont conduites à grande échelle, et qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un signe de l’échec de ces dernières.
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Catalytic programming for scale and sustainability: Conversations...

Global Sanitation Fund
This publication explores the conversations, reflections and lessons that emanated from the sessions, workshops and presentations at the 2016 GSF Learning Event in Madagascar. The following themes, which were central to the Learning Event, are explored: Incorporating effective approaches for scale and decentralized programme delivery; Incorporating effective approaches to ensure sustainable behaviour change, as well as the sustainability of built capacity within institutions and other stakeholder groups; Ensuring a truly inclusive approach that leaves no one behind; and Addressing monitoring and evaluation challenges.Le GSF vise à contribuer à l’accès universel à des services d’hygiène et d’assainissement adéquats, comme les imaginent les stratégies ou les feuilles de route nationales, et les objectifs de développement durable. Le Fonds tente d’y arriver en suscitant la création, la démonstration et la reproduction de modèles nationaux, axés sur les résultats, provoquant des changements de comportements sanitaires et hygiéniques durables et à grande échelle. Pour ce faire, il est prévu que les programmes passent par trois étapes distinctes, mais qui se chevauchent souvent largement : la conception, leur démonstration et la transition. La Réunion pédagogique a donné l’occasion aux programmes de pays de réfléchir à ces trois phases dans le contexte de leur pays. La présente publication est structurée de telle sorte qu’elle reflète ces thèmes et explore les discussions, réflexions et enseignements qui s’y rapportent.
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Nepal earthquake: Reviving sanitation – Global Sanitation Fund Le...

Global Sanitation Fund
Following the devastating 2015 earthquake in Nepal, the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF)-supported programme and partners underwent a significant learning journey, which has helped revive sanitation in the country. This journey is illustrated in a learning report produced by UN-Habitat, the GSF Executing Agency in Nepal.
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GSF partners in action: Boosting WASH for schools and communities...

Global Sanitation Fund
“In the past, pupils used to skip classes as well as get sick very often. Pupils who would come to school one day were usually not the same ones the next day. And again, some of the girl students approaching adolescence were mostly shy at school when menstruating since there was no proper structures to support them. As a result, many of them dropped out.” In the open defecation free (ODF) Traditional Authority of Mwadzama, a Plan International project under the GSF-supported programme in Malawi has boosted water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in schools. The project ensured the installation of boreholes and improved latrines, established school wash clubs and competitions, and supported community sanitation and hygiene campaigns. Since the start of the project school enrollment has also increased, which may be linked to project’s outputs.