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Alétan is the first Open Defecation Free village supported by the Global Sanitation Fund in Benin

The GSF works with schools and the broader education sector to achieve sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all

The GSF supports partners to address the global sanitation and hygiene crisis, so that everyone can enjoy healthy and productive lives.

The dangers of open defecation are explained in the campaign, with messages delivered by local celebrities

Obanliku Local Government Area (LGA) in Cross River State, Nigeria is the first of the 774 LGAs in the country to achieve open defecation free (ODF) status

Once we understand the complexities of slippage and the strategies to address it, how do we – as WASH practitioners – move forward?

Submitted by our member Daniel Karanja, this story reveals how one woman took matters into her own hands to ensure that CLTS reached her home.

When WASH practitioners understand the patterns and causes of slippage, they can devise innovative strategies to avoid it.

Le membre du WSSCC Daniel Iroegbu, fait un travail inspirant au Nigeria pour briser le silence sur les menstruations

The CoP learning agenda for 2017 will commence with discussions around Sustainability from April 10th to 28th.

Lessons from the GSF-supported Uganda programme for implementing CLTS at scale through a decentralized government system.

The Global Sanitation Fund has identified a number of slippage patterns, linked to factors that communities have significant, little or no control over.

Resources

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WSSCC Fact Sheets April 2017

WSSCC General
WSSCC's current work in Health is outlined in this one-pager (April 2017)A one pager profile on the work of WSSCC: The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) is a global, multi-stakeholder membership and partnership organization that works with poor people, their organizations, governments, and small-scale entrepreneurs to improve sanitation and hygiene at scale. Founded in 1990, the Council maintains a membership of over 4,000 water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) professionals from over 80 countries. The United Nations Office of Project Services (UNOPS) is the legal and administrative host of WSSCC.WSSCC's current work in Education is outlined in this one-pager (April 2017)
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Global Sanitation Fund (factsheet)

Global Sanitation Fund
In this two-page factsheet, learn more about the Global Sanitation Fund's (GSF) focus areas, themes, key results, supported countries and contributions to the Sustainable Development Goals.Tout sur le Fonds Mondial pour l'Assainissement (GSF) du WSSCC.
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Connecting the Dots-Advancing the WASH Agenda in 16 Countries wit...

Collaboration Members
WSSCC works closely with highly respected professionals in the water, sanitation and hygiene arena who are nominated by their peers and appointed by the Executive Director to be volunteer experts, known as national coordinators. The 16 national coordinators work in priority countries in Africa and Asia and are an important and distinguishing feature of WSSCC. This report is focused on the WSSCC national coordinators, the vital work they lead at country level and their considerable ongoing impact. National coordinators possess local knowledge of what is happening on the ground and understand the dynamics of their particular country contexts. Their day jobs range from heading up national NGOs to holding senior positions in government offices or consultancy firms. With this kind of combination of experience, capacities, exposure and contexts, the national coordinators bring a wide range of rich knowledge and ways of working to the WSSCC mission that allows our work to reach sectors and partners that would not otherwise be possible.Le WSSCC travaille en étroite collaboration avec des professionnels très respectés dans le domaine de l'eau, l'assainissement et l’hygiène. Ils sont nommés par leurs pairs et par le directeur exécutif pour être des experts bénévoles, connus sous le nom de coordonnateurs nationaux. Les 16 coordinateurs nationaux travaillent dans des pays prioritaires du WSSCC en Afrique et en Asie et sont des acteurs importants et caractéristiques du Conseil. Ce rapport est axé sur le travail essentiel qu'ils mènent au niveau des pays et leur impact constant. Les coordinateurs nationaux possèdent une connaissance du terrain et comprennent la dynamique particulière de leurs pays. Leur travail quotidien s’étend à diriger des ONG nationales à des postes supérieurs dans les bureaux du gouvernement ou dans des sociétés de conseil. Avec ce genre d'expérience et de capacités, ils apportent une large gamme de connaissances et de moyens de travailler, ce qui permet d'atteindre des secteurs et des partenaires qui ne seraient pas autrement possibles.
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Local governance and sanitation: Eight lessons from Uganda

Global Sanitation Fund
Many non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral donors, recognize the importance of closely working with governments in sanitation and hygiene programmes. Collective behaviour change approaches, such as Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), are also increasingly being embraced by governments as an alternative to traditional subsidy and enforcement-based approaches. This ‘GSF in focus’ case study presents eight lessons learned from the GSF-supported Uganda Sanitation Fund (USF) in coordinating, planning, and implementing CLTS at scale through a decentralized government system. The USF is the largest programme of its kind in Uganda. The programme, which began in 2011, is currently implemented by 30 District Local Governments under the overall management of the Ministry of Health. By September 2016, the USF reported helping over three million people live in open defecation free (ODF) environments.De nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales et intergouvernementales, ainsi que des donateurs bilatéraux et multilatéraux, reconnaissent l’importance de travailler en étroite collaboration avec les gouvernements dans le cadre des programmes d’assainissement et d’hygiène. Des approches collectives en matière de changement de comportement, telles que l’ATPC, sont de plus en plus adoptées par les gouvernements comme une alternative aux démarches traditionnelles axées sur les subventions et la répression. Cette étude de cas intitulée « Gros plan sur le GSF » présente huit enseignements tirés du programme du Fonds ougandais pour l’assainissement (USF) soutenu par le Fonds mondial pour l’assainissement (GSF) dans le cadre de la coordination, de la planification et de la mise en oeuvre de l’ATPC à grande échelle1 par l’intermédiaire d’un système administratif décentralisé. L’USF est le programme le plus important de ce genre en Ouganda. Débuté en 2011, il est actuellement mis en oeuvre par 30 gouvernements locaux de district2 sous la supervision du ministère de la Santé. En septembre 2016, l’USF a indiqué avoir aidé plus de trois millions de personnes à vivre dans un environnement exempt de défécation à l’air libre.
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Gender and Community-Led Total Sanitation – CLTS engagement, outc...

Global Sanitation Fund
In order to better understand the link between gender dynamics and the impact of its Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) interventions, the GSF supported a study in a small number of communities in Madagascar in 2015. These communities are in the area covered by the GSF-supported programme in Madagascar, known locally as ‘Fonds d’Appui pour l’Assainissement’ (FAA). This ‘GSF in focus’ case study highlights and reflects on the study.Cette étude examine le lien entre la dynamique du genre et l’initiative d’assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC) dans un petit nombre de communautés malgaches.
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A gender case study of the experience and outcomes of Fonds D’App...

Global Sanitation Fund
This study explores the role that gender plays in shaping the experience and outcomes of the Fonds D’Appui pour l’assainissement (FAA) Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) interventions in Madagascar. Through a qualitative study in four villages in the Itasy region, this study finds that there is a difference in the way women and men actively engage in the CLTS process. Despite this, it finds that gender does not prevent people from realizing the benefits of sanitation and indeed some empowerment outcomes including increased respect, new roles for women and improved voice in the community around sanitation. However, the ability to contribute to decision-making and change gender stereotypes around roles and responsibilities, such as for cleaning and maintaining the toilet, raises questions for women and men’s long-term sanitation facilities and behaviours.
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Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Change at Scale: Understanding S...

Global Sanitation Fund
As sanitation and hygiene programmes mature, the challenge shifts from bringing communities to ODF status to sustaining this status. In this context, many programmes are confronted with the issue of slippage. This concept refers to a return to previous unhygienic behaviours, or the inability of some or all community members to continue to meet all ODF criteria. This paper explores how to discern slippage nuances and patterns, strategies to address, pre-empt and mitigate it as well as alternative monitoring systems that capture the complexity of slippage more fully. The analysis and reflections are based on direct field experience, primarily from the GSF-supported programme in Madagascar. Moreover, the underpinning principle of the paper is that slippage is an expected aspect of behaviour change-oriented sanitation and hygiene interventions, especially those at scale, and not a sign of failure thereof.Modifier les comportements d’hygiène et d’assainissement à grande échelle – Comprendre la régression : Ce document de réflexion examine comment distinguer les nuances et les types de régression ; il étudie les stratégies qui visent à y répondre, à les prévenir et à les réduire ainsi que d’autres systèmes de suivi permettant de mieux appréhender la complexité de la régression. Les analyses et les réflexions reposent sur une expérience directe du terrain, provenant essentiellement du programme soutenu par le GSF à Madagascar. De plus, ce document est sous-tendu par un principe fondamental, à savoir que la régression est un aspect attendu des interventions en hygiène et assainissement qui sont axées sur la modification des comportements, surtout celles qui sont conduites à grande échelle, et qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un signe de l’échec de ces dernières.
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Sustainable Sanitation For All – Case studies by Elizabeth Wamera...

Collaboration
Great strides have been made in improving sanitation in many developing countries. Yet, 2.4 billion people worldwide still lack access to adequate sanitation facilities and the poorest and most vulnerable members of society are often not reached and their specific needs are not met. Moreover, sustainability is currently one of the key challenges in CLTS and wider WASH practice, subsuming issues such as behaviour change, equity and inclusion, physical sustainability and sanitation marketing, monitoring and verification, engagement of governments, NGOs and donors, particularly after open defecation free (ODF) status is reached, and more. There have been several useful studies on sustainability that have highlighted some of these different aspects as well as the complexities involved. This book develops these key themes by exploring current experience, practices, challenges, innovations and insights, as well as identifying a future research agenda and gaps in current knowledge.WSSCC’s Elizabeth Wamera, Civil Society and National Engagement Officer’s chapter on post-ODF management process by the community is available for download from the book “Sustainable Sanitation for all: Experiences, challenges and innovations”. The chapter Who is managing the post-ODF process in the community? A case study of Nambale sub-county in Western Kenya, is based on the success of Nambale sub-county, which was declared ODF in 2012, and looks at the role of Community Health Workers (CHWs), discussing challenges that could be threatening ODF achievement and sustainability. As post-ODF follow-up is central to sustaining open defecation free (ODF) status, and needs to be integrated into CLTS programming from the outset, the chapter explores the responsibilities of carrying out these activities, and how they might be motivated and financed. The CLTS Knowledge Hub's newly launched book describes the landscape of the sustainability of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and sanitation with references to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia. Featured in the book are a range of experiences and innovations from institutions and actors within the WASH sector attempting to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for practitioners, funders, policymakers and governments.Sustainable Development Goal Target 6.2 aims, by 2030, to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation (OD), paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. If we are serious about leaving no one behind, we will need to put human beings first, and infrastructure designed to serve them second. Many individuals and groups cannot use sanitation and hygiene facilities due to physical or societal restrictions placed on them by their gender, disability, age, caste, religion, gender, or poverty. Non-discrimination should be embedded into policy and practice, so that people’s realities, needs, and demands are clearly articulated and matched with budgets, adapted public facilities on the ground, more equitable sharing of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) burdens, and systematic, meaningful participation in decision-making and monitoring. This chapter summarizes the testimonies and aspirations of individuals across a number of Asian countries who were never asked what they need and who are excluded from services. They remind us that in order to leave no one behind we will need to listen to them, involve them fully at all key stages, and forge true partnerships to achieve shared goals.