Hygiene and Sanitation Software – An overview of approaches

Problems caused by a lack of toilet facilities are well documented, but simply providing facilities is not enough. Public health practitioners recognize that until good hygiene is properly practiced, both at home and in the community as a whole, the desired impact of improved water and sanitation services in terms of community health benefits cannot be realized. Several methods are used to address this problem and engage target groups (individuals, households, communities, institutions or even organizations) in development programmes that enable a change in behaviours or create a demand for services. These methods or approaches are generally referred to as ‘software’ to distinguish them from the provision of 'hardware', which is defined as the physical facilities. There is often confusion over areas such as what a particular approach is designed to achieve, what it actually comprises, when and where it should be used, how it should be implemented or how much it costs. This publication takes an in-depth look at the various hygiene and sanitation software approaches that have been deployed over the last 40 years by NGOs, development agencies, national and local governments in all types of settings – urban, informal-urban and rural.

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Authors: Andy Peal, Barbara Evans,and Carolien van der Voorden Publication Date: 2010 Publisher: WSSCC No. of Pages: 156

Les problèmes liés au manque d’installations sanitaires sont bien connus. Toutefois, la fourniture de toilettes n’est pas suffisante. Les praticiens en santé publique sont de plus en plus sensibles au fait que les impacts attendus des services d’eau et d’assainissement améliorés et visant à améliorer la santé communautaire ne pourront être atteints que si les foyers et les communautés adoptent de bonnes pratiques en matière d’hygiène. Il existe différentes méthodes afin de faire face à ce problème et s’attachant à impliquer des groupes cibles (des particuliers, des ménages, des communautés, des institutions ou encore des organisations) dans le processus de développement de programmes visant à changer les comportements ou à créer une demande de services. Ces méthodes ou approches sont généralement appelées « stratégies participatives et de promotion » afin de les différencier de la fourniture d’équipements, c’est-à-dire d’installations physiques. Ces stratégies prêtent souvent à confusion en ce qui a trait à leur portée, ce qu’elles impliquent, quand, où et comment elles devraient être mises en œuvre, ou encore combien elles coûtent. Cette publication décrit les différentes stratégies participatives et de promotion en matière d’hygiène et d’assainissement qui ont été mises en œuvre au cours des quarante dernières années par des ONG, des agences de développement, des gouvernements nationaux ou locaux dans différents milieux (urbain, urbain informel et rural).

Authors: Andy Peal, Barbara Evans,and Carolien van der Voorden Publication Date: 2010 Publisher: WSSCC No. of Pages: 156

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