Joining Forces for Progress – Hygiene Matters Report 2016

Through its Hygiene Matters initiative, SCA raises awareness of the connection between hygiene, health and wellbeing around the world. As part of this initiative, since 2008, SCA has conducted five surveys to gather insights about global hygiene perceptions, issues and behaviours to contribute to a knowledge-based public debate with the goal of strengthening the possibility of improved hygiene for people everywhere. This year’s Hygiene Matters Report, created in cooperation with WSSCC, aims to advance awareness among policy makers and key stakeholders by visualizing and quantifying the value of investments in hygiene, shedding light on forces that are hindering development and showcasing innovative solutions that are driving it forward.

General Information
Authors: SCA Publication Date: 23 September 2016 Publisher: SCA No. of Pages: 25

Related Resources

Applied research in water, sanitation and hygiene – Summary reports from the thematic discussion in the LinkedIn Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene – 3-22 October 2016

Collaboration

In October 2016, the WSSCC LinkedIn Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries and the Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation at Mzuzu University came together to hold a joint 3‐week thematic discussion on applied research in water, sanitation and hygiene. The LinkedIn hosted CoP has over 6,200 members each working in WASH and other related sectors; this thematic discussion was an opportunity to bring together sector practitioners and researchers to share knowledge, learn from each other, identify best practice and explore links between research and practice in the sector. The first discussion was held from 3 to 9 October 2016 and focused on ‘How to pull practitioners into research.The second thematic discussion hosted by WSSCC and the Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation at Mzuzu University was held from 10 to 16 October 2016 and focused on ‘Low‐cost WASH technologies’. The discussion was led by Assistant Professor Dr. Abebe Beyene Hailu at Jimma University, Ethiopia.

Integrating Equity and Inclusion in Collective Behaviour Change under Swachh Bharat Mission

Collaboration

This summary report summarizes the findings of the WSSCC and WaterAid India organized consultation in Delhi that brought together a small, select group of collective behaviour change trainers and professionals working on equity issues, such as different kinds of disability, participation and MHM, so that together they could explore different ways of integrating equity and inclusion into the existing CLTS module keeping in mind the needs of marginalized individuals and groups.WSSCC in partnership with WaterAid India organized a one-day consultation in Delhi that brought together a small, select group of collective behaviour change trainers and professionals working on equity issues, such as different kinds of disability, participation and MHM, so that together they could explore different ways of integrating equity and inclusion into the existing CLTS module keeping in mind the needs of marginalized individuals and groups. The consultation gave interesting insights on how trainers have tried to implement the SBM guidelines on equity and inclusion and the challenges they have faced. A list of practical steps was developed that can be taken at each stage of the CLTS process to ensure that marginalized individuals and their issues are included. These findings can be found in this narrative report.

Sustainable Sanitation For All – Case studies by Elizabeth Wamera and Archana Patkar

Collaboration

Great strides have been made in improving sanitation in many developing countries. Yet, 2.4 billion people worldwide still lack access to adequate sanitation facilities and the poorest and most vulnerable members of society are often not reached and their specific needs are not met. Moreover, sustainability is currently one of the key challenges in CLTS and wider WASH practice, subsuming issues such as behaviour change, equity and inclusion, physical sustainability and sanitation marketing, monitoring and verification, engagement of governments, NGOs and donors, particularly after open defecation free (ODF) status is reached, and more. There have been several useful studies on sustainability that have highlighted some of these different aspects as well as the complexities involved. This book develops these key themes by exploring current experience, practices, challenges, innovations and insights, as well as identifying a future research agenda and gaps in current knowledge.WSSCC’s Elizabeth Wamera, Civil Society and National Engagement Officer’s chapter on post-ODF management process by the community is available for download from the book “Sustainable Sanitation for all: Experiences, challenges and innovations”. The chapter Who is managing the post-ODF process in the community? A case study of Nambale sub-county in Western Kenya, is based on the success of Nambale sub-county, which was declared ODF in 2012, and looks at the role of Community Health Workers (CHWs), discussing challenges that could be threatening ODF achievement and sustainability. As post-ODF follow-up is central to sustaining open defecation free (ODF) status, and needs to be integrated into CLTS programming from the outset, the chapter explores the responsibilities of carrying out these activities, and how they might be motivated and financed. The CLTS Knowledge Hub's newly launched book describes the landscape of the sustainability of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and sanitation with references to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia. Featured in the book are a range of experiences and innovations from institutions and actors within the WASH sector attempting to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for practitioners, funders, policymakers and governments.Sustainable Development Goal Target 6.2 aims, by 2030, to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation (OD), paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. If we are serious about leaving no one behind, we will need to put human beings first, and infrastructure designed to serve them second. Many individuals and groups cannot use sanitation and hygiene facilities due to physical or societal restrictions placed on them by their gender, disability, age, caste, religion, gender, or poverty. Non-discrimination should be embedded into policy and practice, so that people’s realities, needs, and demands are clearly articulated and matched with budgets, adapted public facilities on the ground, more equitable sharing of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) burdens, and systematic, meaningful participation in decision-making and monitoring. This chapter summarizes the testimonies and aspirations of individuals across a number of Asian countries who were never asked what they need and who are excluded from services. They remind us that in order to leave no one behind we will need to listen to them, involve them fully at all key stages, and forge true partnerships to achieve shared goals.

Formative Research to Develop Appropriate Participatory Approaches towards Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Rural Areas

Collaboration

Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. BCC messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sanitation and hygiene. This study was undertaken with the objective of understanding perceptions, barriers, and motivators for improved sanitation behavior in rural India. Rural communities are not homogenous; they are also very divergent across the mountains, plains, deserts and coastal areas of India with mixed caste, tribal and Dalit composition. The study investigates how different disaggregated sets of people respond to the same questions on barriers to sanitation – women, men, adolescent girls and boys, children, old and infirm, tribal and non-tribal communities, village level functionaries, etc. The study was conducted in Gujarat, Telangana, and Jharkhand. An intensive field research was undertaken in nine villages between July and December 2015.